Grey’s Anatomy is an American medical drama television series that premiered on American Broadcasting Company (ABC) as a mid-season replacement on March 27, 2005. The series focuses on the fictional lives of surgical interns, residents, and attendings as they gradually evolve into seasoned doctors, while trying to maintain personal lives and relationships. The title is a play on Gray’s Anatomy, a human anatomy textbook by Henry Gray. The show’s premise originated with Shonda Rhimes, who serves as an executive producer, along with Betsy Beers,Mark Gordon, Krista Vernoff, Rob Corn, Mark Wilding, and Allan Heinberg. Although the show is set in Seattle at the fictional Grey-Sloan Memorial Hospital (Formerly Seattle Grace-Mercy West) it is primarily filmed in Los Angeles, California. The show was originally titledComplications following the complicated medical procedures and personal lives of the cast.
The series was created to be racially diverse, utilizing a color-blind casting technique. It revolves around the title character Dr. Meredith Greyplayed by Ellen Pompeo. The series’ original cast consisted of nine star billed cast members including Ellen Pompeo, Sandra Oh, Katherine Heigl, Justin Chambers, T. R. Knight, Chandra Wilson, James Pickens Jr., Isaiah Washington and Patrick Dempsey. The cast has undergone major changes throughout the run of the show, with many major cast members leaving and being replaced by several new characters. The series in its twelfth season had a large ensemble of sixteen actors, including four from the original cast. On March 3, 2016, ABC renewed Grey’s Anatomy for a thirteenth season, which premiered on September 22, 2016.
Grey’s Anatomy is one of the highest-rated dramas in the 18–49 demographic. Although the ratings have fallen over the past few seasons, it was once among the overall top 10 shows in the United States. Grey’s Anatomy has been well received by critics, considered an impact on culture, the series has received numerous awards, and has also been included in various critics’ top ten lists. It is the recipient of the 2007 Golden Globe Award for Best Television Series — Drama, and multiple Emmy nominations, including two for Outstanding Drama Series. The show has produced several specials, as well as distributed all seasons to DVD, and released a collection of merchandise. In 2012, Grey’s Anatomy was named the fifth-highest revenue earning show, in terms of advertising per half-hour. It’s the longest running scripted primetime show currently airing on ABC and the second longest scripted primetime show ever on ABC only behind The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet.